earliest and most important branch of the Colonial
militia was an infantry company known as the train or
training band. At first, all men liable for military
service were formed into the town train band. They were
required to have a musket, bandoleers, two pounds of
powder and 120 bullets. Bands usually consisted of 64
men. Large towns had several bands. Members were fined
for unexcused absences.
For some reason, the Parmelees often
served as drummers, making them also responsible for
summoning residents to events in the days before meeting
halls had bells. Note that several members of the family
served as drummers during the Revolutionary
- Abraham 1717-1795
[05-00168] Abraham, Isaac, John, John
ensign, lieutenant; of Goshen, Conn.
He was commissioned an ensign in the East Company
of the Goshen Train Band at the Colonial
Assembly's October, 1762, session. At the
October, 1766, session he was made a lieutenant.
He also served in the Revolutionary War.
- Jehiel 1718-1776
[03-00042] Joshua, John, John
lieutenant; of Guilford, Farmington, Wallingford
and Litchfield, Conn.
He was commissioned lieutenant of the 2nd Train
Band at Farmington in 1759. He had two sons, Joshua and Joel, who served
in the Revolutionary War.
- Joel 1679/80-1748
[05-00018] John, John
ensign, lieutenant; of Durham, Conn.
Commissioned lieutenant of the Durham Train Band
by the Colonial Assembly in the October, 1727,
session. At the May, 1729, session he was
commissioned a lieutenant. See his tombstone.
drummer; Guilford, Conn.
He was hauled into court on Jan. 1, 1656/57 to
answer "a common fame or report of his
inordinate drinking upon a Trayneing day of late,
appearing in his gestures et&c. ..."
Testimony shows that he managed to upset pails of
water set out at a couple neighbors' homes with
his drum. He was fined.
- Nathaniel 1645-1676
[05-00008] John, John
lieutenant; Guilford and Killingworth, Conn.
On Sept. 28, 1666, the town of Killingworth
agreed to pay him 40 shillings per year to beat
the drum on Sabbath days to summon residents to
worship services and to maintain the drum at his
own expense. He may have fought in King Philip's War.
On a 1994 trip to Clinton, Conn. [formerly
Killingworth], I was told that as late as the
1980s one of his descendants was a bell ringer at
the Congregational church.
- Nathaniel 1697-1752
[01-00039] Nathaniel, Nathaniel, John, John
lieutenant; of Killingworth, Conn.
He was commissioned a lieutenant in the North
Society (today's Killingworth) train band by the
Colonial Assembly on May 10, 1739.
- Oliver 1734-1816
2nd lieutenant; of Bethlehem and Woodbury, Conn.,
and Fairfax, Vt.
[03-00084] Jonathan, Joshua, John, John
He was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in Capt.
Samuel Elmore's Company, the 3rd Company of the
colony's 4th Regiment. He later served in the Revolutionary
- Samuel 1737-1807
[05-00185] Joseph, Isaac, John, John
lieutenant, of Guilford, Conn.
Named a lieutenant in the 5th Company of the
colony's 7th Regiment at the colonial assembly's
October, 1770, session, and again at the May,
1775, session. He later served in the Revolutionary War.
[05-00105] Stephen, John, John
drummer, of Guilford and Newtown, Conn.
A history of Newtown notes that he was hired to
beat the drum for church services, village
meetings and other public gatherings until Jan.
9, 1764, "when Abel Bottsford became bell